Full Name: - Ramlah bint Abu Sufyaan, Sakhr ibn Harb ibn Umayyah ibn ‘Abd ash Shams ibn ‘Abd Manaaf ibn Qasee al Amawee.
Kunyah: Umm Habeebah - the Mother of the Believers, the wife of the Messenger - صلى الله عليه وسلم -.
Mothers Name: Saffiyyah bint Abu al ‘Aass ibn Umayyah - Uthmaan ibn ‘Affaan’s paternal aunt.
Died: 44 H/42 H| 664/ 666 C.E. Her grave is in al Madeenah.
She is the Messenger’s paternal cousin, there are none amongst his wives closer to him than her in terms of kin.
She embraced Islaam early on and migrated to al Habashah (Ethiopia) with her husband ‘Ubaydullaah ibn Jahsh where he died. She refused to convert to Christianity and remained firm upon Islaam, the Messenger of Allaah - صلى الله عليه وسلم - married her while she was in al Habashah with a dowry of 400 Dinars. He married her in the sixth year Hijri.
Az Zubayr ibn Bakkaar narrated on the authority of Isma’eel ibn ‘Amr that Ummu Habeebah said: ‘I was in al Habashah when a female messenger of an Najaashee [King of Ethiopia] asked permission to enter my home, so I permitted her. She said; ‘The king informs you that the Messenger of Allaah wrote to him saying that he wants to marry you’.
I said to her; ‘May Allaah give you glad tidings.’
She said; ‘The king tells you to appoint a guardian.’ So I appointed Khaalid ibn Sa’d.
Al Najaashee then ordered Ja’far ibn Abu Taalib and the Muslims who were present there to attend the engagement and said: ‘Indeed the Messenger of Allaah wrote to me instructing me to marry Ummu Habeebah bint Abu Sufyaan to him, and so I responded to his call and married Ummu Habeebah to him, may Allaah bless His Messenger.’
She narrated on the authority of the Messenger of Allaah- صلى الله عليه وسلم - and Zaynab bint Jahsh.
Amongst those who narrated on her authority; her daughter – Habeebah, her brothers – Mu’aawiyah and ‘Ansabah, her paternal nephew – ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Utbah ibn Abu Sufyaan, her maternal nephew – Abu Sufyaan ibn Sa’d ibn al Mugheerah, her slaves – Saalim ibn Suwaar, Abu al Jarraah and Abu Saaleh as Sammaan, ‘Urwah ibn az Zubayr, Zaynab bint Ummu Salamah, Safeeyyah bin Shaybah and others.
She narrated a total of 65 Ahaadeeth, Bukharee and Muslim unanimously collected two and Muslim collected another two on his own.
When Quraysh breached the alliance between them and the Messenger - صلى الله عليه وسلم -, Abu Sufyaan became fearful and so traveled to Madeenah to renew the alliance. He entered upon his daughter Ummu Habeebah but she did not allow him to sit on the Messenger’s bed, she said: ‘You are a polytheist.’
Ibn Habbaan stated: She died in the year 42 H, others said 44 H.
Note: There is a narration that her first Husband ‘Ubayullaah converted to Christianity but this story is inauthentic, rather Adh Dhahabee said it was Munkar.
As Seeyar: Vol.2 P. 218
Usud al Ghaabah :Vol. 7 P.115
Tahdheeb at Tahdheeb : Vol 12 P.369