Full name: ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Abbaas ibn ‘Abdul Muttalib al Haashimee.
The Messenger of Allaah’s -صلى الله عليه وسلم - paternal cousin.
Died: 68 H. | 684 C.E. in at Taa-if.
They used to call him ‘al habr – (the ink [i.e.scholar])’ and ‘al bahr – [the ocean] due to his tremendous knowledge.
He narrated on the authority of the Messenger of Allaah -صلى الله عليه وسلم -, both his father and mother, his brother – Al Fadl, his maternal aunt – Maymoonah, Abu Bakr, ‘Uthmaan, ‘Alee, ‘Abdur Rahmaan ibn ‘Awf, Mu’adh ibn Jabal, Abu Dhar, Ubay ibn Ka’b, Tameem ad Daaree, Abu Sa’eed al Khudree, Abu Hurayrah, Mu’aawiyyah ibn Abee Sufyaan, ‘Aa-isha, Asmaa bint Abu Bakr, Juwayrah bint al Haartih, Sawdah bint Zam’ah, Ummu Haanee bint Abu Taalib, Ummu Salamah and many others.
Amongst the many who narrated on his authority; his son ‘Alee and his son Muhammad ibn ‘Alee, and his brother – Katheer ibn ‘Abbass, his nephews – ‘Ubayd ibn ‘Abbaas and ‘Abdullaah ibn Ma’bad ibn ‘Abbaas. From amongst the companions; ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Umar ibn al Khataab, Tha’labah ibn al Hakam al Laythee, ‘Abdullaah ibn al Haarith and others [see Arabic].
The Prophet supplicated for him to be bestowed with wisdom twice.
Ibn Mas’ood said: “What a great interpreter of the Qur-aan ibn ‘Abbaas is.”
Sa’eed ibn Jubayr narrated on the authority of ibn ‘Abbaas that he said; “The Messenger of Allaah - صلى الله عليه وسلم - died when I was thirteen years old.” in another narration; “…ten years old.” in another; “…fifteen years old.” This is the narration that al Imaam Ahmad authenticated.
Masrooq stated: ‘If I looked at ibn ‘Abbaas, I would say he is the most handsome of people, if he spoke I would say he is the most eloquent of people, if he taught I would say he is the most knowledgeable of people.’
He became blind during the end of his life, from amongst his Poems:
If Allaah took the light from my eyes,
then there is light in my heart and tongue from Him.
My heart is pure and my intellect is not deficient,
and in my mouth is a sharp object, like an iron sword.
Ibn Abu Khuthaymah narrated on the authority of Jaabir al Ja’fee that ibn ‘Umar used to say: ‘Ibn ‘Abbaas is the most knowledgeable of the Ummah of Muhammad concerning what was revealed to Muhammad.’
Sa’eed narrated with an authentic chain of narration that when Zayd ibn Thaabit died, Abu Hurayrah said: ‘ Today the scholar of this Ummah died, and it may be that Allaah would make ibn ‘Abbaas his successor.’
Ibn Abuz Zannaad narrated that Hishaam ibn ‘Arwah said that his father said: ‘ I have never seen the likes of ibn ‘Abbaas.’
‘Aa-isha stated: ‘ The most knowledgeable person concerning Hajj is ibn ‘Abbaas.’
Al Imaam Ahmad narrated with an acceptable chain of narration that ‘Umar used to bring him close and say: ‘I saw the Messenger of Allaah - صلى الله عليه وسلم – call you, rub you head, blow in your mouth and say:
“O Allaah, grant him understanding in the religion, and teach him interpretation.”
Abu Nu’aym narrated with his own chain on the authority of ibn ‘Abbaas that he said: ‘I approached the Messenger of Allaah - صلى الله عليه وسلم – while Jibreel was with him, he [Jibreel] said: ‘He is the scholar of this Ummah so take care of him.’
Muhammad ibn al Hanafeeyah prayed over him when he died and said: ‘ Today the Rabaanee [ up bringer] of this Ummah has died.’
It was also narrated that he died in the year 69 H and 70 H.
Note: ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Abbaas was amongst the seven who narrated the most Ahadeeth , he was also amongst the first to establish a school of jurisprudence.