SubulasSalaam bismillah  


The Etiquettes of Reading the Quraan

All praise is due to Allah - the One whose legislation is succumbed to by those who worship, whose Greatness is feared by those who bow and prostrate, for the goodness of calling Him do the keen stay up at night without sleep, for the pursuit of His reward do the keen exert their efforts in striving against their selves.

Allah speaks with speech that is too sublime to be comparable to the speech of the created. And from amongst His speech; is the Book which He revealed to His Messenger Ahmad; we read it night and day and repeat it. It does not cease to provide inspiration when repeated, nor does it cause tediousness or grimace.

I praise Allah in the manner of one who yearns to stand before of His door; un-lost. I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship but Allah, having no partners – the testimonial of those who are sincere to Allah and worship him. And I bear witness that Muhammad is his servant and messenger; who established the obligation of worship and more. May the Salaat of Allah be upon him and his companion Abu Bakr as Siddeeq; who filled hearts of hatred with joy - repelling it, upon 'Umar who continues to strengthen Islam and support it, upon 'Uthman who did not hesitate when the Shahadah came to him, upon 'Ali who smites the seed of disbelief with his sword and harvests it, and upon the rest of his family and companions - a continuous Salaat that does not cease for eternity and a complete Salaam.

My brothers; indeed this Quran before you; that you recite, listen to, memorize and write, is the speech of Allah your Lord, the Lord of creation, the God of the first and the last. It is His firm rope and His straight path. It is the blessed remembrance and the manifest light. Allah truly spoke it in a manner befitting his magnificence and loftiness. He revealed it to Jibreel the trustworthy, one of the close noble angels, who then revealed it to Muhammad's heart - صلى الله عليه وسلّم - so that he may be of the warners, in a clear Arabic language.

Allah described this Quran with great descriptions in order that you may glorify and respect it; He – the Elevated – said:

{The month of Ramadaan in which the Quran was revealed, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the Criterion (between right and wrong).} [Al Baqarah: 185]

{This is what We recite to you (O Muhammad - صلى الله عليه وسلّم -) of the Verses and the Wise Reminder (i.e. the Quran).} [Aal 'Imraan: 58]

{O mankind! Verily, there has come to you a convincing proof (Prophet Muhammad - صلى الله عليه وسلّم -) from your Lord; and We sent down to you a manifest light (this Quran).} [An Nisaa: 174]

{Indeed, there has come to you from Allah a light (Prophet Muhammad - صلى الله عليه وسلّم -) and a plain Book (this Quran). Wherewith Allah guides all those who seek His Good Pleasure to ways of peace.} [Al Maa-idah: 15]

{And this Quran is not such as could ever be produced by other than Allah (Lord of the heavens and the earth), but it is a confirmation of (the Revelation) which was before it [i.e. the Taurah (Torah), and the Injeel (Gospel)], and a full explanation of the Book (i.e. the laws decreed for mankind) – wherein there is no doubt – from the Lord of the 'Alameen (mankind, jinn, and all that exists).} [Yunus: 37]

{O mankind! There has come to you a good advice from your Lord (i.e. the Quran, enjoining all that is good and forbidding all that is evil), and a healing for that (disease of ignorance, doubt, hypocrisy and differences) which is in your breasts, – a guidance and a mercy (explaining lawful and unlawful things) for the believers.} [Yunus: 57]

{A Book, the Verses whereof are perfected (in every sphere of knowledge), and then explained in detail from One (Allah), Who is All-Wise Well-Acquainted (with all things).} [Hood: 1]

{Verily, We, it is We Who have sent down the Dhikr (i.e. the Quran) and surely We will guard it (from corruption).} [Al Hijir: 9]

{And indeed, We have bestowed upon you seven of Al-Mathaani (seven repeatedly recited Verses), (i.e. Surat Al-Fatihah) and the Grand Quran. Look not with your eyes ambitiously at what We have bestowed on certain classes of them (the disbelievers), nor grieve over them. And lower your wings for the believers (be courteous to the fellow-believers).} [Al Hijir: 87-88]

{And We have sent down to you the Book (the Quran) as an exposition of everything, a guidance, a mercy, and glad tidings for those who have submitted themselves (to Allah as Muslims).} [An Nahl: 89]

{Verily, this Quran guides to that which is most just and right and gives glad tidings to the believers (in the Oneness of Allah and His Messenger Muhammad - صلى الله عليه وسلّم -), who work deeds of righteousness, that they shall have a great reward (Paradise). And that those who believe not in the Hereafter, for them We have prepared a painful torment (Hell). } [Al Israa: 9-10]

{We have not sent down the Quran to you (O Muhammad - صلى الله عليه وسلّم -) to cause you distress, but only as a Reminder to those who fear (Allah). A Revelation from Him (Allah) Who has created the earth and high heavens.} [Taha: 2-4]

{Blessed is He Who sent down the Criterion (of right and wrong, i.e. this Quran) to His slave (Muhammad - صلى الله عليه وسلّم -) that he may be a warner to the 'Alameen (mankind and jinn).} [Al Furqaan: 1]

{And truly, this (the Quran) is a revelation from the Lord of the 'Alameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists), which the trustworthy Rooh [Jibreel (Gabriel)] has brought down upon your heart (O Muhammad - صلى الله عليه وسلّم -) that you may be (one) of the warners, in the plain Arabic language. And verily, it (the Quran, and its revelation to Prophet Muhammad - صلى الله عليه وسلّم -) is (announced) in the Scriptures [i.e. the Tawraah (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] of former people. Is it not a sign to them that the learned scholars (like 'Abdullaah bin Salaam who embraced Islaam) of the Children of Israel knew it (as true)?} [Al Shu'araa: 192-197]

{And it is not the Shayateen (devils) who have brought it (this Quran) down. Neither would it suit them nor they can (produce it).} [Ash Shu'araa: 210-211]

{Nay, but they, the clear Ayaat [i.e. the description and the qualities of Prophet Muhammad - صلى الله عليه وسلّم - written in the Tawraah (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] are preserved in the breasts of those who have been given knowledge (among the people of the Scriptures).} [Al 'Ankboot: 49]

{This is only a Reminder and a plain Quran. That he or it (Muhammad - صلى الله عليه وسلّم - or the Quran) may give warning to him who is living (a healthy minded – the believer), and that Word (charge) may be justified against the disbelievers (dead, as they reject the warnings).} [Yaaseen: 69- 70]

{(This is) a Book (the Quran) which We have sent down to you, full of blessings, that they may ponder over its Verses, and that men of understanding may remember.} [Saad: 29]

{Say: "That (this Quran) is great news} [Saad: 67]

{Allah has sent down the Best Statement, a Book (this Quran), its parts resembling each other (in goodness and truth) (and) oft-repeated. The skins of those who fear their Lord shiver from it (when they recite it or hear it). Then their skin and their heart soften to the remembrance of Allah. That is the Guidance of Allah. He guides there with whom He wills; and whomever Allah sends astray, for him there is no guide.} [Az Zumar: 23]

{Verily, those who disbelieved in the Reminder (i.e. the Quran) when it came to them (shall receive the punishment). And verily, it is an honourable well-fortified respected Book (because it is Allah's Speech, and He has protected it from corruption). Falsehood cannot come to it from before it or behind it, (it is) sent down by the All-Wise, Worthy of all praise } [Fussialt: 41-42]

{And thus We have sent to you (O Muhammad - صلى الله عليه وسلّم -) a Rooh (a revelation, and a mercy) of Our Command. You knew not what was the Book, nor what was Faith. But We have made it (this Quran) a light wherewith We guide whosoever of Our slaves We will. And verily, you (O Muhammad - صلى الله عليه وسلّم -) are indeed guiding (mankind) to a Straight Path.} [Ash Shuraa: 52]

{And verily, it (this Quran) is in the Mother of the Book (i.e. Al Lawhul-Mahfoodh) with Us, indeed exalted, full of wisdom.} [Az Zukhruf: 4]

{This (Quran) is a clear insight and evidence for mankind, and a guidance and a mercy for a people who have Faith with certainty.} [Al Jaathiyah: 20]

{Qaaf. By the Glorious Quraan. .} [Qaaf: 1]

{So, I swear by the setting of the stars. And verily that is indeed a great oath, if you but know. That (this) is indeed an honourable recitation (the Noble Quran). In a Book well-guarded (with Allah in the heaven, i.e. Al Lawhul-Mahfoodh). Which (that Book with Allah) none can touch but the purified (i.e. the angels). A Revelation (this Quran) from the Lord of the 'Alameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists).} [Al Waaqi'ah: 75-80]

{Had We sent down this Quran on a mountain, you would surely have seen it humbling itself and rent asunder by the fear of Allah. Such are the parables which We put forward to mankind that they may reflect.} [Al Hashr: 21]

{Say (O Muhammad - صلى الله عليه وسلّم -): "It has been revealed to me that a group (from three to ten in number) of jinn listened (to this Quran). They said: 'Verily, we have heard a wonderful Recitation (this Quran)! 'It guides to the Right Path, and we have believed therein, and we shall never join (in worship) anything with our Lord (Allah).} [Al Jinn: 1-2]

{Nay! This is a Glorious Quran, (Inscribed) in Al-Lauh Al-Mahfûz (The Preserved Tablet)!} [Al Burooj: 21-22]

These many tremendous descriptions that we have mentioned, as well as others that we haven't, all allude to the magnificence of this Quran and the obligation of glorifying it, having the proper etiquette and being distant from playing and joking around while reading it.

[Part Two]

From the etiquettes of reciting the Quran: Having sincerity for Allah the Elevated when doing so, because reciting the Quran if amongst the virtuous forms of worship as was previously explained. Indeed Allah said:

{So, call you (O Muhammad - صلى الله عليه وسلّم – and the believers) upon (or invoke) Allah making (your) worship pure/sincere for Him } [Ghaafir: 14]

He also said:

{Verily, We have sent down the Book to you (O Muhammad - صلى الله عليه وسلّم) in truth. So, worship Allah (Alone) by doing religious deeds sincerely for Allah's sake only.} [Az Zumar: 2]

He stated:

{And they were commanded not, but that they should worship Allah, and worship none but Him Alone }[Al Qayyimah: 5]

The Messenger of Allah - صلى الله عليه وسلّم – said:

"Read the Quran, and seek the Face of Allah the Mighty and Majestic by doing, so before there come a people who recite it for the present and not for the future." [Collected by al Imaam Ahamad]

The meaning of 'the present' is that they would seek worldly gains by reciting the Quran [i.e and not the reward of the afterlife.]

Amongst the etiquettes: To read with an attentive heart, to contemplate over what you are reading and to understand its meanings. Your heart will then have fear and know that Allah is speaking to you with this Quran, because the Quran is the speech of Allah the Majestic.

Amongst the etiquettes: To read while in a state of purification, because this is a way of glorifying the speech of Allah the Mighty. A person should not read the Quran while in a state of Janaabah until he/she performs Ghusl if water is available or Tayammum if it is not, or he/she is unable to use water due to illness.

A person in a state of Janaabah may practice the remembrance of Allah and supplicate to Him with what is in the Quran as long as he/she do not have the intention of reciting the Quran. For example, one may say: 'La Ilaha ila ant, Subhaanak inee kuntu min adh Dhalimeen' (There is no diety worthy of worship other than You, praise be to You, indeed I am from the oppressors), or 'Rabana laa tuzi' Qulubana ba'd idh Hadaytana wa Hab lana min ladunka Rahmah, inaka antal Wahaab' ("Our Lord! Let not our hearts deviate (from the truth) after You have guided us, and grant us mercy from You. Truly, You are the Bestower.").' [i.e. The Du'aa is the same du'aa that is found in the Quran but one should not have the intention that he/she is reciting the Quran, but only have the intention of making Du'aa.]

Amongst the etiquettes:: Not to read the Quran in unclean areas or areas where one cannot hear their own recital, because reading in such cases is an indignity towards the Quran. It is not permissible for a person to read the Quran in the bathroom or other areas specified for reliving oneself. This is not befitting of the noble Quran.

[Part Three]

Amongst the etiquettes: To seek refuge with Allah from the accursed Shaytaan when intending to read due to the saying of Allah:

{So when you recite the Quraan, seek refuge with Allaah from Shytaan} [an-Nahl: 98]
[Refuge should also be sought from the Shaytaan] so that he does not divert the reader from reciting or from perfecting his/her recital. Regarding the Basmalah [i.e. saying Bismilaah]; if the person starts reading from the midst of a Surah he/she should not say Bismilaah.

If the person is reading from the beginning of a Surah he/she should say the Basmalah with the exception of Suratut Tawbah, for there is no Basmalah at the beginning of it. This is because the Sahaabah – may Allah be pleased with them – were not sure, while writing the Mashaf, whether it was a separate Surah or part of Surat al Anfaal, so they separated them without a Basmalah. This Ijtihaad is in line with reality without doubt, for if the Basmalah was revealed in the beginning of this Surah it would have remained preserved by the preservation of Allah the Mighty as He said:

{Verily, it is We Who have sent down the Dhikr (i.e. the Quraan) and surely We will guard it (from corruption).} [Al Hijr: 9]

Amongst the etiquettes: That the reciter beautifies his voice with the Quran and hum [for lack of a better translation] with it. This is due to a Hadeeth that was collected by both al Bukhaaree and Muslim on the authority of Abu Hurayrah – may Allah be pleased with him:

"Allah has not listened to anything as He has listened to a prophet with a beautiful voice humming with the Quran audibliy."
They also collected a Hadeeth by Jubayr ibn Mut'im – may Allah be pleased with him – who said:
"I heard the prophet - صلى الله عليه وسلّم - recite at Toor in the Maghrib prayer, I haven't heard anyone with a more beautiful voice or recital than him - صلى الله عليه وسلّم".
However, if there is someone around the reciter who may be disturbed by the recital, such as someone trying to sleep, or someone who is praying and son on, one should not recite out loud disturbing them, because the Prophet - صلى الله عليه وسلّم – went to some people who were reciting out loud in their prayers and said:
"Indeed a person who is praying is calling upon his Lord, so he should concentrate on what he is calling with and you should not raise your voices over others while reciting the Quran."
It was collected by Maalik in al Muwata and Ibn Abdil Barr said: 'It is an authentic Hadeeth.'

[Part 4]

Amongst the etiquettes: To recite the Quran with Tarteel (slow and pleasant tone and style) due to the saying of Allah the Elevated:

{And recite the Quraan (aloud) in a slow (pleasant tone and) style. } [Al Muzzammil: 4]
So one should take his time reading it, you shouldn't read it in a rushed manner. This would facilitate its understanding and the proper recital of its letters and words. In a Hadeeth collected by al Bukhaaree, Anas – may Allah be pleased with him – was asked about the recital of the Prophet - صلى الله عليه وسلّم - so he said:
"It was prolonged, he then recited; Bismillahir Rahmaanir Raheem and extended ar Rahmaan and ar Raheem."
Ummu Salamah – may Allah be pleased with her - was asked about the recital of the Prophet - صلى الله عليه وسلّم; she said:
"He used to separate his recital Ayah by Ayah; Bismil Laahir-Rahmaanir-Raheem – Al hamdu lilaahi Rabbil 'Alameen – Ar Rahmaanir Raheem - Maaliki yawmid Deen…" [Collected by Ahmad, Abdu Dawood and at Tirmdihee.]
Ibn Mas'ood – may Allah have mercy upon him – stated:
"Do not scatter the Quran like the scattering of sand, and do not recite it like a poem, pause at its wonders and move your hearts with it. Reaching the end of the Surah should not be the objective."
There is no problem in speed that does not contribute to a flaw in the articulation of the Quran, or cause one to skip some of its letters, or join two words that are not supposed to be joined, for indeed defects in the articulation are prohibited because this changes the Quraan.

Amongst the etiquettes: To prostrate if one comes by an Ayah of prostration while in a state of purification, whatever the time is, whether during the day or night. One should say the Takbeer for the prostration and say; 'Subhaana Rabbil 'Alaa.' Then supplicate and rise from prostration without the Takbeer or giving the Salaam, because this has not been related from the Prophet - صلى الله عليه وسلّم - , except if this prostration is during the prayer. In this case one must say the Takbeer before and after the prostration due to the Hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah – may Allah be pleased with him – that he (Abu Hurayrah) used to say the Takbeer throughout the prayer, when he bowed [and prostrated] and when he rose, and he used to narrate that the Messenger - صلى الله عليه وسلّم - used to do that as was collected by Muslim. Ibn Mas'ood – may Allah be pleased with him – stated:

"I saw the Messenger say the Takbeer in every bow [and prostration] and rising, and every sitting and standing." It was collected by Ahmad, an Nasaa-ee and at Tirmidhee who authenticated it.
This [ruling] is general for the prostration in the prayer, whether it is for the prayer itself or the prostration of recital.

These are some of the ettiquettes of reciting the Quran, so abide by them, be keen upon practicing them and seek the reward of your Lord through them.

O Allah, make us amongst those who venerate Your prohibitions, and amongst those who succeed in attaining Your rewards, and amongst those who inherit Your Gardens, and forgive us and our parents, as well as all the Muslims, with Your Mercy yaa Rahmaan Yaa Raheem. And may the Salaat and the Salaam be upon our prophet Muhammad, and upon all his family and companions.

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آداب قراءة القرآن

الحمدُ لله الَّذِي لشرعه يَخْضَعُ مَنْ يعْبُد، ولِعَظَمتِه يخشعُ مَنْ يَرْكع ويسجُد، ولِطِيْب مناجاتِه يسهرُ المتَهْجِّدُ ولا يرْقُد، ولِطَلبِ ثوابِه يَبْذِلُ المُجَاهدُ نَفْسَه ويَجْهد، يتَكَلَّمُ سبحانَه بكلامٍ يجِلُّ أنْ يُشَابِه كَلاَمَ المخلوقين ويَبْعد، ومِنْ كلامِهِ كتابُه المُنَزَّلُ على نبيِّهِ أحمد، نقرؤه ليلاً ونهاراً ونُرَدِّد، فلا يَخْلَقُ عن كثرةِ التَّردَادِ ولا يَمُلَّ ولا يُفَنَّد، أحمده حَمْدَ مَنْ يَرْجُو الوقوفَ على بابِه غيرَ مُشَرَّد، وأشهد أنْ لا إِله إِلاَّ الله وحْدَه لا شريكَ له شهادةَ مَنْ أخلصَ لله وتَعَبَّد، وأشهد أنَّ محمداً عبدُه ورسولُه الَّذي قام بواجب العبادِة وتَزَوَّدْ، صلَّى الله عليه وعلى صاحبه أبي بكرٍ الصديق الَّذِي ملأ قلَوب مُبْغِضيْهِ قَرحَاتٍ تُنْفِد، وعلى عُمَرَ الَّذِي لم يَزْل يُقَوِّي الإِسلامَ ويَعْضُد، وعلى عثمان الَّذِي جاءَتْه الشهادةُ فلم يترَدَّدْ، وعلى عليٍّ الَّذِي ينْسفُ زرْعَ الكُفرِ بسيفِه ويَحْصُد، وعلى سائرِ آلِهِ وأصحابِه صلاة مُسْتَمرَّة على الزمانِ الْمُؤبَّد، وسلَّم تسليماً.

إخواني: إنَّ هذا القرآنَ الَّذِي بَيْنَ أيْدِيكم تتْلُونه وتسمعونَه وتحفَظُونه وتكتُبونَه هو كلامُ ربِّكُمْ ربِّ الْعَالِمِين، وإِله الأوَّلِين والآخِرِين، وهو حبْلُه المتينُ، وصراطُهُ المستقيم، وهو الذِّكْرُ المبارَكُ والنورُ المبين، تَكلَّمَ الله به حقيقةً على الوصفِ الَّذِي يَلِيْقُ بجلالِهِ وعظَمتِه، وألْقَاه على جبريل الأمينِ أحَدِ الملائكةِ الكرام المقَرَّبين، فنزلَ به على قلبِ محمدٍ صلى الله عليه وسلّم ليكون من المُنْذرِين بلسانٍ عربيٍّ مبينِ

وَصَفَهُ الله بأوصافٍ عظيمةٍ لِتُعظِّمُوه وتحترمُوه فقال تعالى:

{شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ الَّذِى أُنزِلَ فِيهِ الْقُرْآنُ هُدًى لِّلنَّاسِ وَبَيِّنَـاتٍ مِّنَ الْهُدَى وَالْفُرْقَانِ } [البقرة: 185]

{ذَلِكَ نَتْلُوهُ عَلَيْكَ مِنَ الآيَـاتِ وَالذِّكْرِ الْحَكِيمِ الْحَكِيمِ } [آل عمران: 58]

{يَـأَيُّهَا النَّاسُ قَدْ جَآءَكُمْ بُرْهَانٌ مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ وَأَنزَلْنَآ إِلَيْكُمْ نُوراً مُّبِيناً } [النساء: 174]

{قَدْ جَآءَكُمْ مِّنَ اللَّهِ نُورٌ وَكِتَـابٌ مُّبِينٌ يَهْدِى بِهِ اللَّهُ مَنِ اتَّبَعَ رِضْوَانَهُ سُبُلَ السَّلَامِ } [المائدة: 15، 16]

{وَمَا كَانَ هَـذَا الْقُرْءَانُ أَن يُفْتَرَى مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ وَلَـكِن تَصْدِيقَ الَّذِى بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ وَتَفْصِيلَ الْكِتَابِ لاَ رَيْبَ فِيهِ مِن رَّبِّ الْعَـلَمِينَ } [يونس: 37]

{يَأَيُّهَا النَّاسُ قَدْ جَآءَتْكُمْ مَّوْعِظَةٌ مَّن رَّبِّكُمْ وَشِفَآءٌ لِّمَا فِى الصُّدُورِ وَهُدًى وَرَحْمَةٌ لِّلْمُؤْمِنِينَ } [يونس: 57]

{كِتَابٌ أُحْكِمَتْ ءايَـاتُهُ ثُمَّ فُصِّلَتْ مِن لَّدُنْ حَكِيمٍ خَبِيرٍ } [هود: 1]

{إِنَّا نَحْنُ نَزَّلْنَا الذِّكْرَ وَإِنَّا لَهُ لَحَـفِظُونَ } [الحجر: 9]

{وَلَقَدْ ءاتَيْنَـاكَ سَبْعًا مِّنَ الْمَثَانِي وَالْقُرْءَانَ الْعَظِيمَ * لاَ تَمُدَّنَّ عَيْنَيْكَ إِلَى مَا مَتَّعْنَا بِهِ أَزْوَاجًا مِّنْهُمْ وَلاَ تَحْزَنْ عَلَيْهِمْ وَاخْفِضْ جَنَاحَكَ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ بِهِ } [الحجر: 87، 88]

{وَنَزَّلْنَا عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَـابَ تِبْيَانًا لِّكُلِّ شَىْءٍ وَهُدًى وَرَحْمَةً وَبُشْرَى لِلْمُسْلِمِينَ } [النحل: 89]

{إِنَّ هَـذَا الْقُرْءَانَ يِهْدِى لِلَّتِى هِىَ أَقْوَمُ وَيُبَشِّرُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ الَّذِينَ يَعْمَلُونَ الصَّـالِحَاتِ أَنَّ لَهُمْ أَجْرًا كَبِيرًا * وأَنَّ الَّذِينَ لاَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِالاَْخِرَةِ أَعْتَدْنَا لَهُمْ عَذَابًا أَلِيمًا } [الإِسراء: 9، 10]

{وَنُنَزِّلُ مِنَ الْقُرْءَانِ مَا هُوَ شِفَآءٌ وَرَحْمَةٌ لِّلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَلاَ يَزِيدُ الظَّـالِمِينَ إَلاَّ خَسَارًا } [الإِسراء: 82]

{قُل لَّئِنِ اجْتَمَعَتِ الإِنسُ وَالْجِنُّ عَلَى أَن يَأْتُواْ بِمِثْلِ هَـذَا الْقُرْءَانِ لاَ يَأْتُونَ بِمِثْلِهِ وَلَوْ كَانَ بَعْضُهُمْ لِبَعْضٍ ظَهِيرًا } [الإِسراء: 88]

{مَآ أَنَزَلْنَا عَلَيْكَ الْقُرْءَانَ لِتَشْقَى * إِلاَّ تَذْكِرَةً لِّمَن يَخْشَى * تَنزِيلاً مِّمَّنْ خَلَق الاَْرْضَ وَالسَّمَـاوَتِ الْعُلَى } [طه: 4-2]

{تَبَارَكَ الَّذِى نَزَّلَ الْفُرْقَانَ عَلَى عَبْدِهِ لِيَكُونَ لِلْعَـالَمِينَ نَذِيراً } [الفرقان: 1]

{وَإِنَّهُ لَتَنزِيلُ رَبِّ الْعَـلَمِينَ * نَزَلَ بِهِ الرُّوحُ الاَْمِينُ * عَلَى قَلْبِكَ لِتَكُونَ مِنَ الْمُنْذِرِينَ * بِلِسَانٍ عَرَبِىٍّ مُّبِينٍ * وَإِنَّهُ لَفِى زُبُرِ الاَْوَّلِينَ * أَوَ لَمْ يَكُن لَّهُمْ ءَايَةً أَن يَعْلَمَهُ عُلَمَاءُ بَنِى إِسْرَءِيلَ } [الشعراء: 192- 197]

{وَمَا تَنَزَّلَتْ بِهِ الشَّيَـاطِينُ * وَمَا يَنبَغِى لَهُمْ وَمَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ } [الشعراء: 210، 211]

{بَلْ هُوَ ءَايَـاتٌ بَيِّنَـاتٌ فِى صُدُورِ الَّذِينَ أُوتُواْ الْعِلْمَ } [العنكبوت: 49]

{إِنْ هُوَ إِلاَّ ذِكْرٌ وَقُرْءَانٌ مُّبِينٌ * لِّيُنذِرَ مَن كَانَ حَيّاً وَيَحِقَّ الْقَوْلُ عَلَى الْكَـافِرِينَ } [يس: 69، 70]

{كِتَـابٌ أَنزَلْنَـاهُ إِلَيْكَ مُبَـارَكٌ لِّيَدَّبَّرُواْ ءَايَـاتِهِ وَلِيَتَذَكَّرَ أُوْلُو الاَْلْبَـابِ } [ص: 29]

{قُلْ هُوَ نَبَأٌ عَظِيمٌ } [ص: 67]

{اللَّهُ نَزَّلَ أَحْسَنَ الْحَدِيثِ كِتَـاباً مُّتَشَـابِهاً مَّثَانِيَ تَقْشَعِرُّ مِنْهُ جُلُودُ الَّذِينَ يَخْشَوْنَ رَبَّهُمْ ثُمَّ تَلِينُ جُلُودُهُمْ وَقُلُوبُهُمْ إِلَى ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ ذَلِكَ هُدَى اللَّهِ يَهْدِى بِهِ مَن يَشَآءُ وَمَن يُضْلِلِ اللَّهُ فَمَا لَهُ مِنْ هَادٍ } [الزمر: 23]

{إِنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ بِالذِّكْرِ لَمَّا جَآءَهُمْ وَإِنَّهُ لَكِتَـابٌ عَزِيزٌ * لاَّ يَأْتِيهِ الْبَـاطِلُ مِن بَيْنِ يَدَيْهِ وَلاَ مِنْ خَلْفِهِ تَنزِيلٌ مِّنْ حَكِيمٍ حَمِيدٍ } [فصلت: 41، 42]

{وَكَذَلِكَ أَوْحَيْنَآ إِلَيْكَ رُوحاً مِّنْ أَمْرِنَا مَا كُنتَ تَدْرِى مَا الْكِتَـابُ وَلاَ الإِيمَـانُ وَلَـكِن جَعَلْنَـاهُ نُوراً نَّهْدِى بِهِ مَن نَّشَآءُ مِنْ عِبَادِنَا } [الشورى: 52]

{وَإِنَّهُ فِى أُمِّ الْكِتَـبِ لَدَيْنَا لَعَلِىٌّ حَكِيمٌ } [الزخرف: 4]

{هَـذَا بَصَـائِرُ لِلنَّاسِ وَهُدًى وَرَحْمَةً لِّقَوْمٍ يُوقِنُونَ } [الجاثية: 20]

{وَالْقُرْءَانِ الْمَجِيدِ } [ق: 1]

{فَلاَ أُقْسِمُ بِمَوَقِعِ النُّجُومِ * وَإِنَّهُ لَقَسَمٌ لَّوْ تَعْلَمُونَ عَظِيمٌ * إِنَّهُ لَقُرْءَانٌ كَرِيمٌ * فِى كِتَـابٍ مَّكْنُونٍ * لاَّ يَمَسُّهُ إِلاَّ الْمُطَهَّرُونَ * تَنزِيلٌ مِّن رَّبِّ الْعَـالَمِينَ } [الواقعة: 75 -80]

{لَوْ أَنزَلْنَا هَـذَا الْقُرْءَانَ عَلَى جَبَلٍ لَّرَأَيْتَهُ خَـاشِعاً مُّتَصَدِّعاً مِّنْ خَشْيَةِ اللَّهِ وَتِلْكَ الاَْمْثَـالُ نَضْرِبُهَا لِلنَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ } [الحشر: 21]

وقال تعالى عن الجن: {إِنَّا سَمِعْنَا قُرْءَانَاً عَجَباً * يَهْدِى إِلَى الرُّشْدِ } [الجن: 1، 2]

وقال تعالى: {بَلْ هُوَ قُرْءَانٌ مَّجِيدٌ * فِى لَوْحٍ مَّحْفُوظٍ } [البروج: 21، 22].

فهذه الأوصافُ العظيمةُ الكثيرةُ التي نقَلْناها وغيرُها مِمَّا لم نَنْقُله تدُل كلُّها على عَظَمةِ هذا القرآنِ ووجوبِ تعظيمِه والتَّأدُّبِ عند تلاوتِه والبعدِ حال قراءتِه عن الهُزءِ واللَّعِب.

فمِنْ آداب التِّلاوَةِ إخْلاصُ النيِّةِ لله تعالى فيها لأنَّ تِلاَوَةَ القرآنِ من العباداتِ الجَليلةِ، كما سبقَ بَيَانُ فضلها، وقد قال الله تعالى

{فَادْعُواْ اللَّهَ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ الدِّينَ } [غافر: 14]
{فَاعْبُدِ اللَّهَ مُخْلِصاً لَّهُ الدِّينِ } [الزمر: 2].

وقال تعالى:

{وَمَآ أُمِرُواْ إِلاَّ لِيَعْبُدُواْ اللَّهَ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ الدِّينَ حُنَفَآءَ } وقال النبيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلّم:
«اقْرَؤُوا القرآنَ وابْتغُوا به وجهَ الله عزَّ وجلَّ مِن قبلِ أن يأتيَ قومٌ يقيمونه إقامة القدح يتعجلونه ولا يتأجلونه»، رواه أحمد.
ومعنى يتعجَّلونه يَطْلبون به أجْرَ الدُّنيا.

ومِنْ آدَابِها: أنْ يقرأ بقلْبٍ حاضرٍ يتدبَّرُ ما يقْرَأ ويتفهَّمُ معانِيَهُ ويَخْشعُ عند ذلك قَلْبُه ويَسْتحضر بأنَّ الله يخاطِبُه فيه هذا القرآن لأنَّ القُرْآنَ كلامُ الله عزَّ وجَلَّ.

ومِنْ آدَابِها: أنْ يَقْرَأ على طهارةٍ لأن هذا من تعظيم كلامِ الله عزَّ وجل، ولا يَقْرأ الْقُرآنَ وهو جُنُبٌ حَتَّى يَغْتَسِلَ إِنْ قدِر على الماءِ أو يَتيمَّم إنْ كان عاجزاً عن استعمال الماء لمرضٍ أوْ عَدَم. ولِلْجُنُبِ أن يذْكُرَ الله ويَدْعُوَهُ بِما يُوَافقُ الْقُرْآنَ إذا لم يقصدِ القرآنَ، مِثْلُ أن يقولَ: لا إِله إِلاَّ أنتَ سبحانَكَ إني كنتُ من الظالمين، أوْ يقولَ: ربنا لا تُزغْ قُلوبَنا بعد إذْ هَدَيتْنَا وهَبْ لَنَا من لَدُنْكَ رحمةً إنك أنتَ الوَهَّاب.

ومنْ آدَابِها: أنْ لا يقرأ القرآنَ في الأماكِنِ المسْتَقْذَرة أو في مجمعٍ لا يُنْصَتُ فيه لقراءتِه لأن قراءَتَه في مثل ذلكَ إهانةٌ له. ولا يجوز أن يقرأ القرآن في بْيتِ الخلاءِ ونحوه مما أُعِدَّ للتَّبَوُّلِ أو التَّغَوُّطِ لأنه لا يَلِيْقُ بالقرآنِ الكريمِ.

ومِنْ آدابِها: أن يستعيذَ باللهِ من الشيطانِ الرجيمِ عندَ إرادةِ القراءة لقوله تعالى:

{فَإِذَا قَرَأْتَ الْقُرْءَانَ فَاسْتَعِذْ بِاللَّهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَـنِ الرَّجِيمِ } [النحل: 98]
ولئلاَّ يَصُدَّه الشيطانُ عن القراءةِ أوْ كمالِها. وأمَّا الْبَسْمَلةُ فإنْ كان ابتداءُ قِرَاءتِه منْ أثْنَاءِ السُّوْرَةِ فلا يُبَسْمِلُ، وإنْ كانَ من أوَّلِ السورةِ فَلْيُبَسْمِلْ إلا في سورةِ التَّوْبةِ فإنَّه ليس في أوَّلها بَسْملةٌ. لأنَّ الصحابةَ رضي الله عنهم أشْكَلَ عليهم حينَ كتابةِ المِصْحفِ هل هي سورةٌ مُسْتَقِلَّةٌ أو بقيَّةُ الأنْفال ففَصَلُوا بينهما بدونِ بَسْمَلةٍ وهذا الاجتهاد هو المطابق للواقع بلا رَيْبٍ إذْ لو كانت البَسْمَلة قد نزلت في أولها لَبَقِيَتْ محفوظة بحفظ الله عزَّ وجل لقوله تعالى:
{إِنَّا نَحْنُ نَزَّلْنَا الذِّكْرَ وَإِنَّا لَهُ لَحَـافِظُونَ } [الحجر: 9]
. ومِن آدَابِها: أن يُحَسَّنَ صوتَه بالقُرآنِ ويترَّنَّمَ به، لمَا في الصحيحين من حديثِ أبي هريرةَ رضي الله عنه أنَّ النبي صلى الله عليه وسلّم قال:
«ما أذِنَ الله لِشَيْء (أي ما اسْتَمَع لشيءٍ) كما أذِنَ لنَبِيٍّ حَسنِ الصوتِ يَتغنَّى بالقرآنِ يَجْهرُ به»
وفيهما عن جبيرِ بن مُطْعمٍ رضي الله عنه قال: سمعتُ النبيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلّم يقرأُ في المَغربِ بالطُّورِ فما سمعتُ أحداً أحسنَ صوتاً أو قراءةً منه صلى الله عليه وسلّم.

لكِنْ إنْ كان حوْلَ القارئ أحدٌ يتأذَّى بِجهْرهِ في قراءتِه كالنائم والمصليِّ ونحوهما فإنَّه لا يجْهرُ جهْراً يشَوِّشُ عليه أو يؤذيه، لأنَّ النبيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلّم خَرجَ على الناسِ وهُمْ يُصَلُّون ويجهرون بالقراءةِ فقال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلّم:

«إن المُصَلّي يناجي ربه فلينظر بما يناجيه به ولا يجهرْ بعضُكم على بعضٍ في القرآن»
رواه مالك في المُوَطَّأ. وقال ابن عبدالبر: وهو حديث صحيح.

ومِن آدَابِها: أنْ يُرتِّلَ القرآنَ ترتيلاً لقوله تعالى:

{وَرَتِّلِ الْقُرْءَانَ تَرْتِيلاً } [المزمل: 4]
فيقْرأهُ بتَمهُّلٍ بدونِ سُرعةٍ لأنَّ ذلك أعْوَنُ على تدَبُّر معانِيه وتقويمِ حروفِه وألْفاظِه. وفي صحيح البخاريِّ عن أنس بن مالِك رضي الله عنه أنه سُئِل عن قراءة النبي صلى الله عليه وسلّم فقال:
((كانتْ مَدَّاً ثم قرأ بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم يمدُّ بسم الله ويَمدُّ الرحمن ويمدُّ الرحيم))
وسُئِلتْ أمُّ سَلَمَةَ رضي الله عنها عنها عن قراءةِ النبي صلى الله عليه وسلّم فقالت:
((كان يُقَطِّعُ قراءتَه آيَةً آيةً، بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ * الْحَمْدُ للَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَـلَمِينَ * الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ الرَّحِيمِ * مَـلِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّين)) ، رواه أحمدُ وأبو داود والترمذي
وقال ابن مسعود رضي الله عنه:
(( لا تَنْثُروُه نثْرَ الرَّملِ ولا تهذُّوه هَذَّ الشِّعْرِ، قِفُوْا عند عجائِبِه وحَرِّكُوا بهِ القلوبَ ولا يكنْ هَمُّ أحَدِكم آخِرَ السورةِ.))
ولا بأْسَ بالسرعةِ الَّتِي ليس فيها إخْلالٌ باللفظِ بإسْقاط بعضِ الحروفِ أوْ إدغام ما لا يصح إدْغامُه. فإنْ كان فيها إخلالٌ باللفظِ فهي حرَامٌ لأنها تغييرٌ للقرآنِ.

ومِنْ آدَابِها: أنْ يسجدَ إذا مرَّ بآيةِ سَجْدةٍ وهو على وضوءٍ في أيِّ وقتٍ كان مِنْ ليلٍ أوْ نهارٍ، فيُكبِّرُ للسجودِ ويقولُ: سبحان ربِّي الأعلى، ويدْعُو، ثم يرفعُ مِنَ السجودِ بدونِ تكبير ولا سلامٍ، لأنَّه لم يردْ عن النبيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلّم إلاَّ أنْ يكونَ السجودُ في أثْناءِ الصلاةِ فإنه يكَبِّر إذا سَجَد وإذا قام، لحديث أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه أنَّه كان يُكبِّر في الصلاةِ كُلَّما خَفَضَ وَرفَعَ ويُحَدِّثُ أنَّ النبي صلى الله عليه وسلّم كان يَفْعَلُ ذَلِك، رواه مسلم. وعن ابن مسعودٍ رضي الله عنه قال:

((رأيتُ النبيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلّم يُكبِّر في كلِّ رَفعٍ وخَفْضٍ وقيامٍ وقعودٍ)) رواه أحمد والنسائي والترمذي وصححه.
وهذا يعُمُّ سجودَ الصلاةِ وسجودَ التلاوةِ في الصلاةِ.

هذه بعض آدابِ القراءةِ، فتأدَّبُوا بِها واحرِصوا عليها وابتغُوا بها من فضلِ الله.

اللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْنا من المعظِّمين لحرماتِك، الفائزين بهباتِك، الوارِثين لِجنَّاتِكَ، واغْفِرْ لَنَا ولوالِدِينا ولجميع المسلمين برحمتك يا أرحم الراحمين، وصلَّى الله وسلَّم على نبينا محمد وعلى آلِهِ وصحبه أجمعين.

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