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العربية

Hafsa bint ‘Umar ibn al Khataab

Full Name: Hafsa bint ‘Umar ibn al Khataab – may Allaah be pleased with him – al-‘Adawiyyah – the mother of the believers – may Allaah be pleased with her.

Mothers Name: Zaynab bint Madh’oon – the sister of ‘Uthmaan ibn Madh’oon, she was also the mother of ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Umar.

It was said that she was born before the Messenger - صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم - was sent by five years.

She was amongst those who migrated from Makkah to Madeenah. Before marrying the Messenger - صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم - she was married to Khanees ibn Hudhafah as-Sahamee – he participated in the battle of Badr and passed away in Madeenah.

After her husband passed away, ‘Umar [her father] mentioned her to Abu Bakr as-Siddeeq and asked him to marry her. Abu Bakr did not respond to him and that upset ‘Umar. He mentioned her to ‘Uthmaan ibn ‘Afaan when his wife Raqeeyah [the daughter of the Messenger of Allaah] passed away, ‘Uthmaan responded by saying he did not wish to get married at the time. ‘Umar then went to the Messenger of Allaah - صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم - to complain about ‘Uthmaan. The Messenger of Allaah said to him:

“One who is better than ‘Uthmaan shall marry Hafsah, and ‘Uthmaan shall marry one who is better than Hafsah.”

And so the Messenger - صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم - married her.

Abu Bakr came across ‘Umar and said to him:

“Do not hold anything against me, for indeed I heard the Messenger - صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم - mention Hafsah before, so it was not for me to say anything about his privacy, however if he had not married her, I would have married her.”

The Majority of the Scholars mention that the Messenger of Allaah - صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم - married her in the third year.

It was narrated that the angel Jibreel – ‘alayhi as salaam - said: She is one who continuously stands in prayer during the night and fasts during the day and indeed she is your wife in Jannah. ” [Tabaqaat ibn Sa’d: 8/59]

She narrated on the authority of the Messenger of Allaah - صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم - and her father ‘Umar.

Amongst those who narrated on her authority were; her brother ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Umar and his son Hamza, his wife Safiyyah bint Abee ‘Ubayd and many others.

It was narrated that she died the year that Mu’aawiyah assumed the role of Khaleefah; year 41. It was also narrated that she died in the year 45 as well as other narrations. Al Marwaan ibn al hakam was amongst those who prayed over her.

Updated regularly from a number of sources [not all that is translated is found in the Arabic text].




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English

حفصة بنت عمر بن الخطاب

حفصة بنت عمر بن الخطاب العدوية أم المؤمنين رضي الله عنهما.

قيل إنها ولدت قبل المبعث بخمسة أعوام وتزوجها النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم سنة ثلاث وقيل سنة اثنتين.

روت عن النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم وعن أبيها.

كانت حفصة من المهاجرات، وكانت قبل رسول الله صلّى الله عليه وسلّم تحت خُنيس بن حُذافة السهمي، وكان ممن شهد بدراً، وتوفي بالمدينة. فلما تأيمت حفصة ذكرها عُمر لأبي بكر وعرضها عليه، فلم يردّ عليه أبو بكر كلمة فغضب عُمر من ذلك، فعرضها على عُثْمان حين ماتت رُقَيّة بِنْت رسول الله صلّى الله عليه وسلّم، فقال عُثْمان: ما أريد أن أتزوج اليوم. فانطلق عُمر إلى رسول الله صلّى الله عليه وسلّم فشكا إليه عُثْمان، فقال رسول الله صلّى الله عليه وسلّم: " يتزوج حفصة من هو خير من عُثْمان، ويتزوج عُثْمان من هو خير من حفصة " . ثم خطبها إلى عُمر، فتزوجها رسول الله صلّى الله عليه وسلّم، فلقي أبو بكر عُمر، رضي الله عنهما فقال: لا تجد علي في نفسك، فإن رسول الله صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ذكر حفصة، فلم أكن لأفشي سر رسول الله صلّى الله عليه وسلّم، فلو تركها لتزوجتها. وتزوجها رسول الله صلّى الله عليه وسلّم، سنة ثلاث عند أكثر العلماء

وقال جبريل: إنها صوامة قوّامة، وإنها زوجتك في الجنة.

روى عنها أخوها عبد الله بن عمر وابنه حمزة وزوجته صفية بنت أبي عبيد وأم بشر الانصارية والمطلب بن أبي وداعة وحارثة بن وهب وشتير بن شكل وعبد الله بن صفوان بن أمية وسواء الخزاعي وعبد الرحمن بن الحارث بن هشام والمسيب بن رافع وأبو مجلز وجماعة.

توفيت أول ما بويع معاوية سنة إحدى وأربعين وقال الواقدي توفيت سنة خمس وأربعين وصلى عليه مروان بن الحكم.


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