Full Name: Hafsa bint ‘Umar ibn al Khataab – may Allaah be pleased with him – al-‘Adawiyyah – the mother of the believers – may Allaah be pleased with her.
Mothers Name: Zaynab bint Madh’oon – the sister of ‘Uthmaan ibn Madh’oon, she was also the mother of ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Umar.
It was said that she was born before the Messenger - صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم - was sent by five years.
She was amongst those who migrated from Makkah to Madeenah. Before marrying the Messenger - صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم - she was married to Khanees ibn Hudhafah as-Sahamee – he participated in the battle of Badr and passed away in Madeenah.
After her husband passed away, ‘Umar [her father] mentioned her to Abu Bakr as-Siddeeq and asked him to marry her. Abu Bakr did not respond to him and that upset ‘Umar. He mentioned her to ‘Uthmaan ibn ‘Afaan when his wife Raqeeyah [the daughter of the Messenger of Allaah] passed away, ‘Uthmaan responded by saying he did not wish to get married at the time. ‘Umar then went to the Messenger of Allaah - صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم - to complain about ‘Uthmaan. The Messenger of Allaah said to him:
“One who is better than ‘Uthmaan shall marry Hafsah, and ‘Uthmaan shall marry one who is better than Hafsah.”
And so the Messenger - صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم - married her.
Abu Bakr came across ‘Umar and said to him:
“Do not hold anything against me, for indeed I heard the Messenger - صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم - mention Hafsah before, so it was not for me to say anything about his privacy, however if he had not married her, I would have married her.”
The Majority of the Scholars mention that the Messenger of Allaah - صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم - married her in the third year.
It was narrated that the angel Jibreel – ‘alayhi as salaam - said: She is one who continuously stands in prayer during the night and fasts during the day and indeed she is your wife in Jannah. ” [Tabaqaat ibn Sa’d: 8/59]
She narrated on the authority of the Messenger of Allaah - صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم - and her father ‘Umar.
Amongst those who narrated on her authority were; her brother ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Umar and his son Hamza, his wife Safiyyah bint Abee ‘Ubayd and many others.
It was narrated that she died the year that Mu’aawiyah assumed the role of Khaleefah; year 41. It was also narrated that she died in the year 45 as well as other narrations. Al Marwaan ibn al hakam was amongst those who prayed over her.
Updated regularly from a number of sources [not all that is translated is found in the Arabic text].