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العربية

The Three who Spoke in the Cradle

The Hadeeth:

On the authority of Abu Hurayrah - may Allaah be pleased with him - who said that the Prophet - صلى الله عليه وسلم - said:

“None spoke in the cradle except three:

  1. ‘Eesa the son of Maryam,

  2. Jurayj’s companion; Jurayj was a man of worship, he had a place of worship and while he was in it, his mother came in and called upon him. He said to himself; ‘My Lord, my mother or my prayer?’ So he continued praying and she left. The next day she also came and called upon him while he was in prayer, he said to himself; ‘My Lord, my mother or my prayer?’ So he continued praying and again she left. The following day she came again and called upon him while he was in prayer, he said to himself; ‘My Lord, my mother or my prayer?’ So he continued praying.

    She said: ‘O Allaah, do not allow him to die until he sees the faces of prostitutes.’

    The Children of Israel knew of Jurayj and his worship. There was a very beautiful prostitute who offered to seduce him. She attempted to do so but he did not pay her any attention. She then approached a herdsman who used to seek refuge in his place of worship, she offered herself to him and he slept with her. She became pregnant, and when she gave birth she claimed that it was the child of Jurayj. They went to him, invoked curses over him, destroyed his place of worship and attacked him.

    He said: ’Why are you doing this?’

    They responded: ‘You fornicated with this woman and she bore you a child.’

    He said: ‘Where is the child?’

    So they brought him the child.

    He said: ‘Leave me until I pray.’

    When he finished praying he came to the boy and poked him in his stomach. He said: ‘O child, who is your father?’

    The baby boy responded: ‘So and so the herdsman.’

    So the people turned to Jurayj, kissing him and asking him for forgiveness. They offered to rebuild his place of worship in gold, but he refused and asked them to rebuild it from mud just as it was before, and so they did.

  3. There was also a baby who was being breast fed by his mother when a rider in fine garments passed by on an agile animal.

    His mother said: ‘O Allaah, make my child like him.’

    The baby stopped suckling and looked at him, he said: ‘O Allaah, do not make me like him.’

    He then continued suckling…”

    Abu Hurayrah - May Allaah be pleased with him - said: ‘It is as if I can see Messenger of Allaah - صلى الله عليه وسلم - right now, as he is illustrating the scene of the baby’s suckling with his forefinger in his mouth.’

    He continued: "They passed by a slave girl who was being beaten by people who were accusing her of committing fornication and theft.'

    She was saying: `Sufficient is Allaah is for me, and the best of Guardians He is’

    The mother said: `O Allaah, do not make my child like her.'

    Again the baby stopped suckling, looked at her and said: ‘O Allaah! Make me like her.'

    At this point they spoke to each other, the mother said: `A good looking man passed by and I asked Allaah to make my child like him, you asked Allaah not make you like him. We passed by this slave girl while she was being beaten and being accused of fornication and theft, I asked Allaah not to make my child like her, and you asked Allaah to make you like her.'

    The child said: `That man was a tyrant, so I asked Allaah not to make me like him. They were accusing the girl of fornication, while she did not commit it, and they were accusing her of theft, while she did not steal, so I asked Allaah to make me like her"

[Collected by both al Bukhaaree and Muslim.]

 

[Concerning the Hadeeth:]

“None spoke while in the cradle except three: ‘Eesaa ibn Maryam, Yusuf’s companion, Jurayj’s companion and the son of Pharoah’s daughter’s hair brusher.’

[Al Albaanee stated in As Silsilah ad Da’eefah #880: - Parts of al Albaanee’s speech will be summarized or omitted, such as the details of the defects of some chains and the Jarh and Ta’deel concerning the narrators as it is extensive.]

This Hadeeth with this wording is false. It was collected by al Haakim in al Mustadrak…so this Hadeeth is false with me for two reasons.

The first: It restricts the number of those who spoke in the cradle to three, it then mentions four.

The second: The Hadeeth that was collected by al Bukhaaree in the Book of Prophets has the exact same chain as al Haakim’s but with a contradicting wording…

It was also collected by Muslim: 8/4-5, by way of Yazeed ibn Haroon on the authority of Jareer ibn Haazim. It was collected by Ahmad: 2/307 - 308 through another two paths on the authority of Jareer, but it is apparent that this Hadeeth is Mawqoof. It was collected by Ibn Jareer in his Tafseer: 12/115 on the authority of Ibn Waqee’…on the authority of ibn ‘Abbaas: ”Four people spoke in the cradle while they were babies…” And he mentions all four as is in the false narration of al Haakim.

I have not found an authentic Hadeeth that removes this restriction [of only three people speaking in the cradle] that was collected by both al Bukhaaree and Muslim except the story of the baby boy of al Ukhdood [1]. It is mentioned in it that he [the baby boy] said to his mother: ‘My mother, be patient for you are upon the truth.” It was collected by Ahmad: 6/17-18, on the authority of Suhayb with an authentic chain with the requirements of Muslim, but with the addition that he was a nursing baby. The story was also collected by Muslim: 8/231 but without this addition [of the nursing baby]. Al Haafidh [ibn Hajr] stated in ‘al Fat-h’ that this addition is in Muslim, however this is an error if it is not found in other prints of Muslim.

Some scholars combined between this Hadeeth and the one collected by both al Bukhaaree and Muslim by saying the first Hadeeth only mentions those who spoke while they were actually in the cradle and Allaah knows best.

Concerning Yusuf’s witness, then it is apparent in the story in the Qur-aan that he was a man and not a child in a cradle. If he were a baby in a cradle, the mere fact that he spoke saying that she [al ‘Azeez’ wife] was lying would have been sufficient to settle the affair, and a clear evidence against her, because it is a miracle. There would not have been any need in saying that he [the witness] was from her family, or for any other evidence for the innocence of Yusuf – ‘Alayhi as Salaam – which is the shirt that was cut from the back as mentioned in the Ayah.

Ibn Jareer also collected authentic Ahaadeeth on the authority of ibn ‘Abbaas that this witness was a man with a beard, and this seems to be the correct opinion and Allaah knows best.

As an added benefit; what is mentioned in some of the books of Tafseer that the following also spoke in the cradle: Ibraheem, Yahyaa and Muhammad, may the Salaat and Salaam be upon all of them – there is no basis for this on the authority of the Messenger, so take note of this.

 


[1 – Translators note:] The Hadeeth that al Albaanee is reffering to here concerning the child of al Ukhdood who is the son of Phir’aon’s daughter's hairdresser is as follows, two authentic narrations were combined to turn it into one story, additions to the first narration are in black [square brackets]:

“When I ascended [at night] to the heavens, I passed by a wonderful scent, I asked [Jibreel] what it was. I was told it was Phir’aon’s daughter’s hairdresser and her children. [I asked him; what about her?]

[He said:] One day while she was brushing Phir’aon’s daughter’s hair, her brush fell and she said: ‘Bismillaah - in the name of Allaah.’

The daughter said: ‘My father?”

She responded: “ [No, but] My Lord is your Lord and your father’s Lord.”

The daughter asked: “You have a Lord other than my father?”

She responded: “Yes.”

[Should I tell my father of this?

She responded: “Yes.”

So she told her father]

Phir’aon summoned her and asked her: “Do you have a Lord other than me?”

She said: “Yes, my Lord and your Lord is Allaah.”

So he ordered that a copper vessel be set to flames and heated up and that she and her children be thrown into it.

[She said to him: “I have a request.”

He said: “What is it?”

She said: “I request that you gather my bones and my children’s bones in one garment and bury them.”

He responded: “That is a right that you have upon us.”]

Her children were thrown before her [one by one] , until only a nursing child remained, [it is as if she started to waver because of him] he said: “My mother, do not waver, for indeed you are upon the truth.” [In the other narration: “My mother, throw yourself into the fire, for indeed the torment of the afterlife is more severe than the torment of this life.” So she threw herself.]

Ibn ‘Abbaas stated: Four people spoke while they were babies: ‘Eesaa the son of Maryam – ‘Alayhi as Salaam, Jurayj’s companion, Yusuf’s witness and Phir’aon’s daughter’s hairdresser.

[So this fourth baby spoke, however he was not in a cradle and this is how some of the people of knowledge combined between these two Ahaadeeth. The conclusion being that according to the authentic Ahaadeeth; four babies spoke, but only three while in the cradle and Allaah knows best]

[2] Shaykh Saaleh al-'Uthaymeen, may Allah have mercy upon him, states in an explanation of a Hadeeth in Riyaad as-Saliheen where another child has spoken: "There were those who spoke in the cradle other than 'Eesa, 'alayhi as-Salaam, and this Hadeeth explains the saying of the Messenger in the Hadeeth of Jurayj: "None spoke in the cradle except three..." and he then mentions them from the children of Israel, the Hadeeth only specifies those who spoke from the children of Israel and not from mankind in general and Allah knows best. [Sharh Riyaad as-Saliheen: 1/90]

The Hadeeth that the Shaykh commented on was collected by Muslim.




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English

الثلاثة الذين تكلموا في المهد

عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال

لم يتكلم في المهد إلا ثلاثة:

عيسى بن مريم

وصاحب جريج وكان جريج رجلا عابدا,فاتخذ صومعة فكان فيها ,فأتته أمه وهو يصلي فقالت يا جريج , فقال يارب أمي وصلاتي فأقبل على صلاته فانصرفت,فلما كان من الغد أتته وهو يصلي فقالت يا جريج فقال أي ربي صلاتي وأمي فأقبل على صلاته ,فلما كان من الغد أتته وهو يصلي فقالت يا جريج فقال أي ربي أمي وصلاتي فأقبل على صلاته ,فقالت اللهم لا تمته حتى ينظر إلى وجوه المومسات.فتذاكر بنو إسرائيل جريجا وعبادته ,وكانت امرأة بغي يتمثل بحسنها فقالت إن شئتم لأفتننه ,فتعرضت له فلم يلتفت إليها ,فأتت راعيا كان يأوي إلى صومعته فأمكنته من نفسها فوقع عليها .فحملت ,فلما ولدت قالت هو من جريج ,فأتوه فاستترلوه وهدموا صومعته ,وجعلوا يضربونه , فقال ما شأنكم ؟ قالوا زنيت بهذه البغي فولدت منك, قال أين الصبي ؟ فجاءوا به فقال دعوني حتى أصلي فصلى ,فلما انصرف أتى الصبي فطعن في بطنه وقال يا غلام من أبوك ؟قال فلان الراعي , فأقبلوا على جريج يقبلونه ويتمسحون به وقالوا نبني لك صومعتك من ذهب فقال لا أعيدوها من طين كما كانت ,ففعلوا .

وبينا صبي يرضع من أمه ,فمر رجل راكب على دابة فارهة وشارة حسنة فقالت أمه اللهم اجعل ابني مثل هذا ,فترك الثدي وأقبل إليه فنظر إليه فقال اللهم لا تجعلني مثله ثم أقبل على الثدي فجعل يرضع(فكأني أنظر إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم وهو يحكي ارتضاعه بأصبعه السبابة في فيه فجعل يمصها

قال ومروا بجارية وهم يضربونها ويقولون زنيت سرقت ,وهي تقول حسبي الله ونعم الوكيل .فقالت أمه اللهم لا تجعل ابني مثلها ,فترك الرضاع ونظر إليها وقال اللهم اجعلني مثلها ,فهنالك تراجعا الحديث فقالت مر رجل حسن الهيئة فقلت اللهم اجعل ابني مثله فقلت اللهم لا تجعلني مثله ,ومروا بهذه الأمة وهم يضربونها ويقولون زنيت سرقت ,فقلت اللهم لا تجعل ابني مثلها فقلت اللهم اجعلني مثلها ,فقال إن ذلك الرجل كان جبّارا فقلت اللهم لا تجعلني مثله ,وإن هذه يقولون لها زنيت ولم تزن ,وسرقت ,ولم تسرق ,فقلت اللهم اجعلني مثلها رواه البخاري ومسلم

فال الشيخ الألباني " السلسلة الضعيفة حديث رقم 880

- "لم يتكلم في المهد إلا ثلاثة : عيسى ابن مريم ، و شاهد يوسف ، و صاحب جريج ، و ابن ماشطة بنت فرعون " .

باطل بهذا اللفظ . رواه الحاكم في " المستدرك " ( 2 / 295 ) … و هذا الحديث بهذا الإسناد باطل عندي ، و ذلك لأمرين :

الأول : أنه حصر المتكلمين في المهد في ثلاثة ، ثم عند التفصيل ذكرهم أربعة !

و الثاني : أن الحديث رواه البخاري في " صحيحه - أحاديث الأنبياء " من الطريق التي عند الحاكم فقال : حدثنا مسلم بن إبراهيم بسنده عند الحاكم تماما إلا أنه خالفه في اللفظ …

و أخرجه مسلم أيضا ( 8 / 4 - 5 ) من طريق يزيد بن هارون : أخبرنا جرير بن حازم به و رواه أحمد ( 2 / 307 - 308 ) من طريقين آخرين عن جرير به . و الظاهر أن أصل حديث الترجمة موقوف ، فقد أخرجه ابن جرير في " تفسيره " ( 12 / 115 ) : حدثنا ابن وكيع : قال : حدثنا العلاء بن عبد الجبار عن حماد بن سلمة عن عطاء بن السائب عن سعيد بن جبير عن ابن عباس قال : " تكلم أربعة في المهد و هم صغار ..... " . قلت : فذكرهم كما في رواية الحاكم الباطلة ! و رجال هذا الموقوف و لم أجد في حديث صحيح ما ينافي هذا الحصر الوارد في حديث الصحيحين إلا ما قصة غلام الأخدود ففيها أنه قال لأمه : " يا أمه اصبري فإنك على الحق " رواه أحمد ( 6 / 17 - 18 ) من حديث صهيب مرفوعا بسند صحيح على شرط مسلم . و فيه عنده زيادة أن أمه كانت ترضعه ، و القصة عند مسلم أيضا ( 8 / 231 ) دون هذه الزيادة ، و قد عزاها الحافظ في " الفتح " ( 6 / 371 ) لمسلم ، و هو وهم إن لم تكن ثابتة في بعض نسخ مسلم . و قد جمع بين هذا الحديث و حديث الصحيحين بأن حمل هذا على أنه لم يكن في المهد . و الله أعلم ......... " . ثم إن ظاهر القرآن في قصة الشاهد أنه كان رجلا لا صبيا في المهد ، إذ لو كان طفلا لكان مجرد قوله إنها كاذبة كافيا و برهانا قاطعا ، لأنه من المعجزات ، و لما احتيج أن يقول : " من أهلها " ، و لا أن يأتي بدليل حي على براءة يوسف عليه السلام و هو قوله : *( إن كان قميصه قد من قبل فصدقت و هو من الكاذبين ، و إن كان قميصه قد من الدبر )* الآية ، و قد روى ابن جرير بإسناد رجاله ثقات عن ابن عباس أن الشاهد كان رجلا ذا لحية ، و هذا هو الأرجح ، و الله أعلم .

فائدة ما يذكر في بعض كتب التفسير و غيرها أنه تكلم في المهد أيضا ، إبراهيم و يحيى و محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم أجمعين . فليس له أصل مسند إلى النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم . فاعلم ذلك .

لما أسري بي مرت بي رائحة طيبة فقلت : ما هذه الرائحة ؟ قالوا : ماشطة بنت فرعون وأولادها سقط مشطها من يدها فقالت : بسم الله ، فقالت ابنة فرعون أبي ؟ قالت : ربي هو ربك ورب أبيك ، قالت : أولك رب غير أبي ؟ قالت : نعم ، فدعاها فقال : ألك رب غيري ؟ قالت : نعم ربي وربك الله ، فأمر ببقرة من نحاس فأحميت ثم أمر بها لتلقى فيها وأولادها ، فألقوا واحدا واحدا حتى بلغ رضيعا فيهم فقال : قعي يا أمه ولا تقاعسي فإنك على الحق الراوي: عبدالله بن عباس - خلاصة الدرجة: إسناده صحيح - المحدث: السيوطي - المصدر: الخصائص الكبرى - الصفحة أو :

 


و اليكم الحديث الذي ذكره الألباني في قصة غلام الأخدود

لما كانت الليلة التي أسري بي فيها أتت علي رائحة طيبة فقلت : يا جبريل ما هذه الرائحة الطيبة فقال : هذه رائحة ماشطة ابنة فرعون وأولادها قال : قلت : وما شأنها قال : بينما هي تمشط ابنة فرعون ذات يوم إذ سقطت المدرى من يديها فقالت : بسم الله فقالت لها ابنة فرعون : أبي قالت : لا ولكن ربي ورب أبيك الله قالت : أخبره بذلك قالت : نعم فأخبرته فدعاها فقال : يا فلانة وإن لك ربا غيري قالت : نعم ربي وربك الله فأمر ببقرة من نحاس فأحميت ثم أمر بها أن تلقى هي وأولادها فيها قالت له : إن لي إليك حاجة قال : وما حاجتك قالت : أحب أن تجمع عظامي وعظام ولدي في ثوب واحد وتدفننا قال : ذلك لك علينا من الحق قال : فأمر بأولادها فألقوا بين يديها واحدا واحدا إلى أن انتهى ذلك إلى صبي لها مرضع وكأنها تقاعست من أجله قال : يا أمه اقتحمي فإن عذاب الدنيا أهون من عذاب الآخرة فاقتحمت قال : قال ابن عباس : تكلم أربعة صغار عيسى بن مريم عليه السلام وصاحب جريج وشاهد يوسف وابن ماشطة ابنة فرعون


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