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العربية

Three Important Principles in Names and Attributes

The following are three points that must be considered as principles in this topic:

[Firstly:] Affirming what Allaah has affirmed for Himself or what His Messenger - صلى الله عليه وسلم – affirmed for Him, because the most knowledgeable to describe Allaah is Allaah Himself:

{ Are you more knowledgeable or Allaah } [Al Baqarah: 140]

Just as no one can describe Allaah, who is more knowledgeable of Allaah after Allaah, than His Messenger - صلى الله عليه وسلم – whom Allaah said in regards:

{Nor does he speak of (his own) desire. It is only a Revelation revealed} [An Najm: 3-4]
[Secondly:] Exalting Allaah from resembling things with His Attributes, in light of the saying of Allaah the Elevated:
{ There is nothing like Him, and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer } [Ash Shoorah: 11]

This Ayah consists of an exaltation of Allaah as well as an affirmation [of His Attributes] as you can see.

[Thirdly:] Abstaining from trying to comprehend the reality of His Attributes, just as you can not comprehend the reality of His Existence [or Self], the Glorified, believing in His saying:

{ And they will never encompass anything of His Knowledge } [Al Baqarah: 255]
{ Do you know of any who is similar to Him? } [Maryam: 65]




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English

ثلاث نقاط في باب الأسماء و الصفات

وهنا ثلاث نقاط ينبغي أن نعتبرها أسساً في هذا الباب:

إثبات ما أثبته الله لنفسه أو أثبته له رسوله صلى الله عليه وسلم، لأنه لا يصف الله اعلم بالله من الله:

أأنتم أعلم أم الله البقرة : 140

كما لا يصف الله بعد الله أعلم بالله من رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم الذي قال الله تعالى فيه:

وما ينطق عن الهوى إن هو إلا وحي يوحي النجم : 3-4

تنزيه الله عز وجل من مشابهة الحوادث في صفاته في ضوء قوله تعالى:

ليس كمثله شئ وهو السميع البصير الشورى : 11

والآية تشتمل على التنزيه لله والإثبات معاً كما ترى.

عدم محاولة إدراك حقيقة صفاته كما لم تدرك حقيقة ذاته سبحانه إيماناً بقوله تعالى:

ولا يحيطون بشئ من علمه البقرة :255

هل تعلم له سمياً مريم : 65


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