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العربية

The Institution of the Family

Islaam encourages the erection of the institution of the family by legislating it and explaining that in marriage is serenity for both men and women, tranquility, comfort for their bodies, ease for their souls and an extension of life until it reaches its end.

Let us now listen to some verses from the Qur-aan with this meaning. Allaah the Exalted, encouraging His servants to marry, says:

{ … marry (other) women of your choice, two or three, or four} [An Nisaa: 3]

He states:

{ And among His Signs is that He created for you wives from among yourselves, that you may find repose with them, and He has put between you affection and mercy.} [Ar Room: 21]

He states again in encouragement:

{They are Libaas [i.e. body-cover, or screen (i.e. you enjoy the pleasure of living with them) for you and you are the same for them.} [Al Baqarah: 187]

He states:

{ Your wives are a tilth for you, so go to your tilth, when or how you will, and send (good deeds, or ask Allaah to bestow upon you pious offspring) for your own selves beforehand. And fear Allaah…} [Al Baqarah: 223]

This is how the Qur-aan emphasizes the institution of a family in a number of Ayaat, with a variety of techniques as we have just seen, and as we will hear again in Surat an Nisaa, which clarifies that the two components of this institution were created from one person. It is as if they are two pieces of one soul, so neither of the two pieces is more virtuous or better than the other in the basis of their creation or concerning their constitution. Virtue over the other occurs through external issues and other affairs that are not corporeal, it occurs thorough acquired characteristics. Allaah the Elevated states in this meaning:

{ O mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, Who created you from a single person (Adam), and from him He created his wife [Hawwaa (Eve)], and from them both He created many men and women} [An Nisaa: 1]

This is how Islaam encourages the erection of a family so that it may be an extention to life and comfort for both sides.




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English

مؤسسة الأسرة

وقد حث الإسلام على إنشاء مؤسسة الأسرة بتشريعه الزواج وحثه عليه مبيناً أن الزواج سكونٌ للنفس للطرفين وهدوء لهما وراحة للجسد، وطمأنينة للروح وامتداد للحياة إلى آخر مطافها.

فلنستمع الآن إلى بعض الآيات القرآنية في هذه المعاني: إذ يقول الله تعالى وهو يحث عباده على الزواج

فَانْكِحُوا مَا طَابَ لَكُمْ مِنَ النِّسَاءِ مَثْنَى وَثُلاثَ وَرُبَاعَ - النساء: 3

ويقول

وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ أَنْ خَلَقَ لَكُمْ مِنْ أَنْفُسِكُمْ أَزْوَاجاً لِتَسْكُنُوا إِلَيْهَا وَجَعَلَ بَيْنَكُمْ مَوَدَّةً وَرَحْمَةً - الروم: 21

وحيث يقول

هُنَّ لِبَاسٌ لَكُمْ وَأَنْتُمْ لِبَاسٌ لَهُنَّ - البقرة: 187

ويقول

نِسَاؤُكُمْ حَرْثٌ لَكُمْ فَأْتُوا حَرْثَكُمْ أَنَّى شِئْتُمْ وَقَدِّمُوا لأَنْفُسِكُمْ وَاتَّقُوا اللهَ - البقرة: 223

هكذا يتحدث القرآن عن مؤسسة الأسرة في عديد من الآيات، وبأساليب مختلفة كما رأينا وكما نسمع مرة أخرى آية سورة النساء التي تبين أن طرفي هذه المؤسسة خلقا من نفس واحدة وكأنهما شطران لنفس واحدة فلا فضل لأحد الشطرين على الآخر في أصل الخلقة ومن حيث العنصر وإنما يحصل التفاضل بينهما بأمور خارجية ومقومات أخرى غير ذاتية وصفات مكتسبة إذ يقول الله تعالى في هذا المعنى

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اتَّقُوا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ مِنْ نَفْسٍ وَاحِدَةٍ وَخَلَقَ مِنْهَا زَوْجَهَا وَبَثَّ مِنْهُمَا رِجَالاً كَثِيراً وَنِسَاءً - النساء: 1

هكذا يحث الإسلام على إنشاء الأسرة لتكون امتدادا للحياة وراحة للطرفين.


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