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العربية

The Messiah 'Eesaa is Alive

The Mesiah, may peace be upon him, was preserved and protected by Allaah, he was not killed, nor was he crucified! It was a person who resembled him greatly who was crucified and killed. When his enemies from amongst the Jews harbored evil intentions towards him, Allaah protected him from their plot and raised him to the heavens. He bestowed his likeness upon another man from the Hawaariyoon, so they captured that man and crucified him, believing that he was the Messiah, may peace be upon him. Allaah the Elevated said concerning the Jews:

{Because of their breaking the covenant, their rejecting the Ayaat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allaah, their killing the Prophets unjustly, their saying: "Our hearts are wrapped (with coverings, i.e. we do not understand what the Messengers say)," – nay, Allaah has set a seal upon their hearts because of their disbelief, so they believe not but a little.

And because of their disbelief and uttering against Maryam (Mary ['alayhas-salaam]) a grave false charge (that she has committed illegal sexual intercourse)

And because of their saying (in boast), "We killed the Messiah (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), the Messenger of Allaah," – but they killed him not, nor did they crucify him, but it appeared so to them [the resemblance of ‘Eesa (Jesus) was put over another man], and those who differ therein are full of doubts. They have no (certain) knowledge, they follow nothing but conjecture. For surely, they killed him not.

But Allaah raised him up to Himself. And Allaah is Ever All-Powerful, All-Wise.

And there is none from the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) but must believe in him, [as only a Messenger of Allaah and a human being] before his death. And on the Day of Resurrection, he ['Eesa (Jesus)] will be a witness against them.}

Whoever contemplates over these Ayaat would know that their claim of killing and crucifying him is a lie. But they did intend to kill him and were determined to do so. They besieged him and those with him in a house, but Allaah saved him from their plot, raised him to the heavens and made someone else from his companions look like him.

Contemplate over the Ayah:

{ but they killed him not, nor did they crucify him, but it appeared so to them }

You will find that it is mentioned explicitly. The scholars of Tafseer, Hadeeth and history have all affirmed what I mentioned.

Ibn Katheer stated: Al Hasan al Basree and Muhammad ibn Ishaaq stated:

“At the time of ‘Eesa ibn Maryam, there was a king named Dawood ibn Nooraa. When he heard of ‘Eesa, he ordered that he be killed and crucified. They besieged the house of al Miqdam where he was, on a Friday night. When they entered upon them, one of the people present in the house was made to look like ‘Eesa, and he was raised from that house to the heavens while those in the house were watching. So the guardsmen entered the house, they found the person who resembled ‘Eesa and captured him, thinking he was ’Eesa. They crucified him and placed thorns on his head to humiliate him. The majority of Christians, who did not witness the crucifixion, gave in to the account of the Jews, and due to this, they have clearly strayed. Allaah the Elevated stated:

{And when Allaah said: "O ‘Eesa (Jesus)! I will make you sleep and raise you to Myself, and clear you [of the forged statement that ‘Eesa (Jesus) is Allaah's son] of those who disbelieve, and I will make those who follow you (monotheists, who worship none but Allaah) superior to those who disbelieve [in the Oneness of Allaah, or disbelieve in some of His Messengers, or in His Holy Books till the Day of Resurrection]. Then you will return to Me and I will judge between you in the matters in which you used to dispute." }

So in these Ayaat, Allaah promised him that he would raise him and purify him from the disbelievers, and Allaah was true to His promise, indeed Allaah does not break His promises.

The type of death that was mentioned in this Ayah is sleep, as was affirmed by many scholars - that sleep descended upon him when he was raised, and the word death is sometimes used to mean sleep, Allaah said:

{It is Allaah Who takes away the souls at the time of their death, and those that die not during their sleep. He keeps those (souls) for which He has ordained death and sends the rest for a term appointed. Verily, in this are signs for a people who think deeply.}

Furthermore, what proves that he was raised to the heavens is that he will descend to Earth at the end of times and kill the Dajjaal. Ibn Katheer stated in his Tafseer:

{ And there is none of the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) but must believe in him [‘Eesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), before his death. }

Meaning after he descends to Earth in the end of times, before the Hour, for indeed he descends, kills the pig, breaks the cross and abolishes the Jizyah, he will not accept any religion except Islaam. All religions at that time will be one religion; the religion of Islaam, al Hanafiyyah – the religion of Abraham. No one from amongst the Jews or the Christians would remain except that they would believe in him, it was also said that it is only the Jews. Al Hasan stated about this Ayah:

{And there is none of the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) but must believe in him [‘Eesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), before his death.}

Before the death of ‘Eesa, for by Allaah he is alive right now, with Allaah.

Ibn Jareer, may Allaah have mery upon him, was even clearer than this when explaining these Ayaat: ‘No one from amongst the People of the Book would remain after the decent of ‘Eesa except that he /she would believe in him before he – ‘Eesaa ‘alayhi as salaam – dies. He then brings Ahaadeeth that prove this, such as the Hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah, may Allaah be pleased with him, who said that the Messenger of Allaah – صلى الله عليه وسلم – said:

“By the One whose Hands my life is in, soon the son of Maryam will descend upon you as a just judge; he will break the cross, kill the pig and demolish the Jizyah. Wealth will be so abundant to the point that no one would take it, to the point that prostrating to Allaah would be more beloved to a person than anything on the face of the earth.”

It was narrated that he would descend at ‘al Manaarah al Baydaa’ east of Damascus. He would battle against the Dajjaal along with the victorious army of Islaam. He will catch the Dajjaal at the Door of Lud and kill him. Majma’ ibn Haarithah, may Allaah be pleased with him, said he heard the Messenger of Allaah – صلى الله عليه وسلم - saying: “The son of Maryam will kill ad Dajaal by the door of Lud.”




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English

المسيح عيسى حي

المسيح عليه السلام قد صانه الله وحماه، فلم يقتل ولم يصلب، وإنما قتل وصلب المشبه به. وذلك أنه عليه السلام لما قصد منه أَعداؤه من اليهود مقصد السوء وقاه الله كيدهم ورفعه عنهم إلى السماء، وأَلقى شبهه على رجل من الحواريين فأَمسكوه وقتلوه وصلبوه بناء منهم على أَنه المسيح عليه السلام، قال الله تعالى في حق اليهود

فَبِمَا نَقْضِهِم مِّيثَاقَهُمْ وَكُفْرِهِم بَآيَاتِ اللّهِ وَقَتْلِهِمُ الأَنْبِيَاء بِغَيْرِ حَقًّ وَقَوْلِهِمْ قُلُوبُنَا غُلْفٌ بَلْ طَبَعَ اللّهُ عَلَيْهَا بِكُفْرِهِمْ فَلاَ يُؤْمِنُونَ إِلاَّ قَلِيلاً - وَبِكُفْرِهِمْ وَقَوْلِهِمْ عَلَى مَرْيَمَ بُهْتَانًا عَظِيمًا - وَقَوْلِهِمْ إِنَّا قَتَلْنَا الْمَسِيحَ عِيسَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ رَسُولَ اللّهِ وَمَا قَتَلُوهُ وَمَا صَلَبُوهُ وَلَـكِن شُبِّهَ لَهُمْ وَإِنَّ الَّذِينَ اخْتَلَفُواْ فِيهِ لَفِي شَكٍّ مِّنْهُ مَا لَهُم بِهِ مِنْ عِلْمٍ إِلاَّ اتِّبَاعَ الظَّنِّ وَمَا قَتَلُوهُ يَقِينًا - وَإِن مِّنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ إِلاَّ لَيُؤْمِنَنَّ بِهِ قَبْلَ مَوْتِهِ وَيَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ يَكُونُ عَلَيْهِمْ شَهِيدًا

فمن تأَمل هذه الآيات عرف كذب اليهود بدعواهم قتله وصلبه ولكنهم هموا بقتله وعزموا عليه وحاصروه ومن معه في البيت فانقذه الله من كيدهم ورفعه إليه وأَلقى شبهه على واحد من أَصحابه، وتأَمل قوله تعالى

وَمَا قَتَلُوهُ وَمَا صَلَبُوهُ وَلَـكِن شُبِّهَ لَهُم

تجد ذلك صريحًا. وقد صرح المفسرون المحدثون والمؤرخون بمعنى ما ذكرنا: قال ابن كثير: قال الحسن البصري ومحمد بن اسحق: كان يوجد في زمن عيسى ملك اسمه داود بن نورا، فلما سمع بخبر عيسى أَمر بقتله وصلبه، فحصروه في دار بيت المقدم، وذلك عشية الجمعة ليلة السبت، فلما حان وقت دخولهم أَلقي شبهه على بعض أَصحابه الحاضرين عنده ورفع عيسى من روزنة في ذلك البيت إلى السماء وأَهل البيت ينظرون، ودخل الشرطة فوجدوا ذلك الشاب الذي أُلقي عليه شبهه فأَخذوه ظانين أَنه عيسى، فصلبوه ووضعوا الشوك على رأْسه إهانة له، وسلم لليهود عامة النصارى الذين لم يشاهدوا ما كان من أَمر عيسى أَنه صلب، وضلوا بسبب ذلك ضلالاً مبينًا، وقال الله تعالى

إِنِّي مُتَوَفِّيكَ وَرَافِعُكَ إِلَيَّ وَمُطَهِّرُكَ مِنَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ وَجَاعِلُ الَّذِينَ اتَّبَعُوكَ فَوْقَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ ثُمَّ إِلَيَّ مَرْجِعُكُمْ فَأَحْكُمُ بَيْنَكُمْ فِيمَا كُنتُمْ فِيهِ تَخْتَلِفُونَ

ففي هذه الآيات إن الله وعده بأَنه سيتوفاه ويرفعه إليه ويطهره من الذين كفروا وقد صدق الله وعده وهو لا يخلف الميعاد. وهذه الوفاة هي النوم كما قال غير واحد من العلماء بأَنه نزل عليه النوم حينما رفع. والنوم يعبر عنه بالوفاة قال تعالى

اللَّهُ يَتَوَفَّى الْأَنفُسَ حِينَ مَوْتِهَا وَالَّتِي لَمْ تَمُتْ فِي مَنَامِهَا فَيُمْسِكُ الَّتِي قَضَى عَلَيْهَا الْمَوْتَ وَيُرْسِلُ الْأُخْرَى إِلَى أَجَلٍ مُسَمًّى

ومما يدل على أَنه رفع إلى السماء وأَنه ينزل في آخر الزمان إلى الأَرض فيقتل الدجال ما قاله ابن كثير في تفسير قوله تعالى

وَإِن مِّنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ إِلاَّ لَيُؤْمِنَنَّ بِهِ قَبْلَ مَوْتِهِ

أَي بعد نزوله إلى الأَرض في آخر الزمان قبل قيام الساعة، فإنه ينزل ويقتل الخنزير ويكسر الصليب ويضع الجزية ولا يقبل إلا الإسلام، وتصير الملل في ذلك الوقت ملة واحدة وهي ملة الإسلام الحنيفية دين إبراهيم، فلا يبقى أَحد من أَهل الكتاب إلا آمن به، وقيل بل اليهود خاصة. وقال الحسن على هذه الآية

وَإِن مِّنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ إِلاَّ لَيُؤْمِنَنَّ بِهِ قَبْلَ مَوْتِهِ

قال قبل موت عيسى، والله إنه لحي الآن عند الله. وأَصرح ما قيل في تفسير هذه الآيات ما قاله ابن جرير رحمه الله: انه لا يبقى أَحد من أَهل الكتاب بعد نزول عيسى عليه السلام إلا من آمن به قبل موته عليه السلام فيكون الضمير عائدًا إلى عيسى.ثم ساق الأحاديث الواردة في هذا ومنها ما رواه أَبو هريرة رضي الله عنه قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم

والذي نَفْسِيْ بِيَدِهِ لَيُوْشِكَنَّ أَنْ يَنْزِلَ فِيْكُمْ ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ حَكَمًا عَدْلاً فَيَكْسُرُ الصَّلِيْبَ وَيَقْتُلُ الْخِنْزِيْرَ وَيَضَعُ الْجِزْيَةَ وَيَفِيْضَ الْمَالُ حَتَّى لا يَقْبَلَهُ أَحَدٌ وَحَتَّى تَكُوْنَ السَّجْدَةُ للهِ خَيْرٌ لَهُ مِنَ الدنْيَا وَمَا فِيْهَا

وقد روي أَنه ينزل عند المنارة البيضاء شرقي دمشق، وأَنه يقاتل الدجال هو ومن معه من جنود الإسلام المنصورة فيدرك الدجال عند باب لد أًَو إلى جانب لد فيقتله. قال مجمع بن حارثة رضي الله عنه: سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول

يَقْتُلُ ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ الدَّجالَ بِبَابِ لُد أَوْ إلَى جَانِبِ لُدّ


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